Writing Center logo Writing Center Homepage UW-Madison Homepage
Return to American Psychological Association Documentation main page Return to Citing References in Your Paper main page Return to Writer's Handbook main page Return to Writing Center home page


Identify your specific task below, click it, and review the guidelines:


Introduction to parenthetical citations

This section provides guidelines on how to use parenthetical citations to cite original sources in the text of your paper. These guidelines will help you learn the essential information needed in parenthetical citations, and teach you how to format them correctly.

Parenthetical citations are citations to original sources that appear in the text of your paper. This allows the reader to see immediately where your information comes from, and it saves you the trouble of having to make footnotes or endnotes.

The APA style calls for three kinds of information to be included in in-text citations. The author's last name and the work's date of publication must always appear, and these items must match exactly the corresponding entry in the references list. The third kind of information, the page number, appears only in a citation to a direct quotation.

 


Send email to the Writing Center Read the Writing Center's copyright notice