This section provides a quick resource for citing references in papers using the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2009).
- Orientation to APA
- Parenthetical Citations
- Where to place citations
- One or two authors
- Three or more authors
- No authors
- Multiple sources in one reference
- Electronic sources
- Reference List
- Government report
- Journal article
- Magazine or newspaper article
- Publication, private organization
- Conference paper or poster session
- Electronic source
- Format the references list
- Format and Headings
- Usage and Style
APA Style Reference Lists
APA style requires two elements for citing outside sources: parenthetical (in-text) references, and a references list. Together, these elements allow your reader access to the sources you consulted. Use the menu at the right for examples of how to create reference-list entries for specific kinds of references.
For the system to function, all authors cited in the text must appear in the references list, and all authors listed must have been cited in the text.
See the Publication Manual, available for consultation at the UW-Madison Writing Center, in many libraries, and bookstores. You can also visit the APA web site, where you can purchase the Manual online.
Check the APA website (http://www.apastyle.org), where you will find links to the following:
"Tip of the Week" and archived tips
Information on bias in language
"Ask the Expert"--an e-mail form that allows you to ask questions about APA style
A form for requesting e-mail updates of APA style
A chapter-by-chapter description of changes made in the 6th edition