Council of Science Editors (CSE) Citations
Create a CSE name-year reference list
A reference list at the end of the document (headed "References" or "Cited References") is ordered alphabetically by author name.
Only references cited in the text appear in the list. Most examples below come from the CSE manual; a few are from bibliographies of articles in Biology of Reproduction (volume 49) and BioScience (volume 42).
Use the table below for more details about formatting entries for a CBE name-year system reference list.
Book (1): Two authors
Vot D, Voet JG. 1990. Biochemistry. New York: J Wiley. 1223 p.
[NB: References for books have spaces after colon and semicolon separating city, publisher, date. Total pages (1223 p) given for whole book.]
Book (2): Volume with separate title
Cajori F. 1929. A history of mathematical notations. Volume 2, Notation mainly in higher mathematics. Chicago: Open Court.
[NB: No pages given for volume.]
Chapter / article in edited book 2 authors; edition
Kuret JA, Murad F. 1990. Adenohypophyseal hormones and related substances. In: Gilman AG, Rall TW, Nies AS, Taylor P, editors. The pharmacological basis of therapeutics. 8th ed. New York: Pergamon. p 1334-60.
[NB: Inclusive pages of chapter/article (p 1334-60) given.]
2 Journal articles (1): Same author, different years
Sapolsky R. 1985. Stress-induced suppression of testicular function in the wild baboon: role of glucocorticoids. Endocrinology 116:2273-8.
Sapolsky R. 1986. Endocrine and behavioral correlates of drought in wild olive baboons (Papio anubis). Am J Primatol 11:217-27.
2 Journal Articles (2): 3 or more authors; first 2 or more names same; same year
Donoghue AM, Howard JG, Byers AP, Goodrowe KL, Bush M, Blumer E, Lukas J, Stover J, Snodgrass K, Wildt DE. 1992. Correlation of sperm viability with gamete interaction and fertilization in vitro in the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus). Biol Reprod 46:1047-56.
In-text citation: (Donoghue, Howard, and others 1992)
Donoghue AM, Johnston LA, Munson L, Brown JL, Wildt DE. 1992. Influence of gonadotropin treatment interval on follicular maturation, in vitro fertilization, circulating steroid concentrations, and subsequent luteal function in the domestic cat. Biol Reprod 46:972-80.
In-text citation: (Donoghue, Johnston, and others 1992)
Magazine article: Paginated by issue; 2 articles with same author, same year
Hershey DR. 1990a. Pardon me, but your roots are showing. Science Teacher 57(2):42-5.
Hershey DR. 1990b. Sleuthing the nutrients that make your houseplant grow. Science Activities 27(4):17-20.
Journal article: Organization as author
[SSCCCP] Scandinavian Society for Clinical Chemistry and Clinical Physiology, Committee on Enzymes. 1976. Recommended method for the determination of y-glutamyltransferase in blood. Scand J Clin Center Invest 36:119-25.
In-text citation: (SSCCCP 1976)
Mendez MF, Manon-Espaillat R, Lanska DJ, Burstine TH. 1989. Epilepsy and suicide attempts [abstract]. In: American Academy of Neurology 41st annual meeting program; 1989 Apr 13-19; Chicago. Cleveland (OH): Edgell Communications. p 295. Abstract nr PP369.
Thesis or dissertation
Ritzmann RE. 1974. The snapping mechanism of Alpheid shrimp [dissertation]. Charlottesville (VA): University of Virginia. 59 p. Available from: University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, MI; AAD74-23.
[NIH] National Institutes of Health (US). 1988 Dec. Report of the Human Fetal Tissue Transplantation Panel, consultants to the Advisory Committee to the Director, NIH. Final report. Bethesda (MD): NIH. 2 volumes. Available from: NTIS, Springfield, VA; PB90-155268, PB90-155276.
In-text citation: (NIH 1988)