The Writing Center @ The University of Wisconsin - Madison
The Writer's Handbook
Writing Scientific Reports

Results Section

The section below offers some questions asked for effective results sections in scientific reports.

What did you observe?

For each experiment or procedure:

  • Briefly describe experiment without detail of Methods section (a sentence or two).
  • Report main result(s), supported by selected data:
    • Representative: most common
    • Best Case: best example of ideal or exception

Additional tips:

  1. Order multiple results logically:
    • from most to least important
    • from simple to complex
    • organ by organ; chemical class by chemical class
  2. Use past tense to describe what happened.

What to avoid:

  1. Don't simply repeat table data; select.
  2. Don't interpret results.
  3. Avoid extra words: "It is shown in Table 1 that X induced Y" --> "X induced Y (Table 1)."