This section describes an organizational structure commonly used to report experimental research in many scientific disciplines, the IMRAD format: Introduction, Methods, Results, And Discussion.
Although the main headings are standard for many scientific fields, details may vary; check with your instructor, or, if submitting an article to a journal, refer to the instructions to authors.
Use the menu below to find out how to write each part of a scientific report.
The section below offers some questions asked for effective results sections in scientific reports.
What did you observe?
For each experiment or procedure:
- Briefly describe experiment without detail of Methods section (a sentence or two).
- Report main result(s), supported by selected data:
- Representative: most common
- Best Case: best example of ideal or exception
Order multiple results logically:
- from most to least important
- from simple to complex
- organ by organ; chemical class by chemical class
- Use past tense to describe what happened.
What to avoid:
- Don't simply repeat table data; select.
- Don't interpret results.
- Avoid extra words: "It is shown in Table 1 that X induced Y" --> "X induced Y (Table 1)."