To help students improve the organization of their papers, it's helpful to have them outline the draft they've written (a "reverse" or "after-the-fact" outline, done not before writing a draft but after)--so they can get an aerial view of the sequence of topics in their draft. In this handout for students in an introductory literature course, the instructor, Rebecca Nowacek, explains how to create a reverse outline and how to use it while revising.
What is a reverse outline?
If a regular outline is something you write before you draft out your paper, a reverse outline is something you do after you write a draft.
Why should I reverse outline?