The Writing Center @ The University of Wisconsin - Madison
The Writer's Handbook
APA Documentation Guide

APA Headings

All APA formatted documents use headings that show your readers how your paper is organized by labeling the parts and by indicating which parts are equally important and which are subordinate to others.

For a complete treatment of the politics of headings, take a look at the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, sixth edition (2010), pages 62-63.

 

Level 1 Headings

Most undergraduate papers often use only Level 1 headings, which are:

  • centered
  • boldface
  • uppercase and lowercase

Level One Heading

     text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text

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Level 1 and 2 Headings

Slightly more complex undergraduate papers often use Level 1 and Level 2 headings.

Level 2 headings are:

  • flush left
  • boldface
  • uppercase and lowercase

Level One Heading

Level Two Heading

     text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text

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Level 1, 2, and 3 Headings

Papers that are long or that have many subsections often use Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 headings.

Level 3 headings are:

  • indented
  • boldface
  • sentence case (only 1st letter capitalized)
  • followed by a period, and then immediately by text

Level One Heading

Level Two Heading

Level three heading. text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text

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Level 1, 2, 3, and 4 Headings

Multiexperiment studies, monographs, and lengthy literature reviews often require Level 1, Level 2, Level 3, and Level 4 headings.

Level 4 headings are:

  • indented
  • boldface
  • sentence case (only 1st letter capitalized)
  • followed by a period, and then immediately by text

Level One Heading

Level Two Heading

Level three heading. text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text

Level four heading. text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text

Level 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 Headings

Books often use Level 1, Level 2, Level 3, Level 4, and Level 5 headings.

Level 5 headings are:

  • indented
  • italicized
  • sentence case (only 1st letter capitalized)
  • followed by a period, and then immediately by text

Level One Heading

Level Two Heading

Level three heading. text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text

Level four heading. text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text

Level five heading. text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text

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