The Writing Center @ The University of Wisconsin - Madison

Reference list entry: Electronic source

Web site: no author, no date of publication

If there is no author, title moves to the first spot. Use retrieval date only because the content at that address likely changes.

Research initiatives. (n.d.). Retrieved January 11, 2007, from MIT, Comparative Media Studies website,

Online discussion list

Kahn, S. (2009, September 5). Re: Composition-rhetoric labor caucus [electronic mailing list message]. Retrieved from h-rhetor mailing list,

Blog Posting

Lopez-Duran, N. (2009, August 27). Re: Gender and age differences in the symptomatology of child depression [Web log message]. Retrieved from Child Psychology Research Blog,

Email: (falls under the APA category of personal communications)

Personal communications should not be included in your reference list.