The Writing Center @ The University of Wisconsin - Madison
The Writer's Handbook
Chicago/Turabian Documentation: First Note for a source

Chicago/Turabian Notes

The first note for a source provides full documentation information for that source. In subsequent notes for the same source, use either a shortened form or a Latin form.


1 author, first edition:

1. Steven Nadler, A Book Forged in Hell: Spinoza's Scandalous Treatise and the Birth of the Secular Age (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011), 8.

1 author, later edition

2. Paul S. Boyer, Purity in Print: Book Censorship in America from the Gilded Age to the Computer Age, 2nd ed. (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2002), 24.

1 author, reprinted book

3. Leonora Neville, Authority in Byzantine Provincial Society, 950-1100 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004; reprint, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008), 101.

2 authors

4. Gerald Marwell and Pamela Oliver, The Critical Mass in Collective Action (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), 104.

3 authors

5. Julia Child, Louisette Bertholle, and Simone Beck, Mastering the Art of French Cooking (New York: Knopf, 1961), 23.

More than 3 authors

6. Anne Ellen Geller et al., The Everyday Writing Center (Logan, UT: Utah State University Press, 2007), 52.

No author

7. CIA World Factbook (Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2009), 64.

Anthology with editors in place of authors

8. The Norton Anthology of African American Literature, ed. Henry Louis Gates and Nellie Y. McKay (New York: Norton, 1997), 172.

Chapter in an edited collection

9. Colleen Dunlavy, "Why Did American Businesses Get So Big?" in Major Problems in American Business History, ed. Regina Blaszczyk and Philip Scranton (New York: Houghton-Mifflin, 2006), 260.


Article in a journal

10. Raúl Sánchez, "Outside the Text: Retheorizing Empiricism and Identity," College English 74 (2012): 243.

[If a journal continues pagination across issues in a volume, you do NOT need to include the issue number.]

Book review

11. Nancy Rose Marshall, review of Joseph Crawhill, One of the Glasgow Boys, by Vivian Hamilton, Victorian Studies 42 (1999/2000): 359.

Newspaper article

12. Tyler Marshall, "200th Birthday of Grimms Celebrated," Los Angeles Times, 15 March 1985, sec. 1A, p. 3.

["p." is used to make clear the difference between the page and section numbers.]

Encyclopedia entry

13. Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th ed., s.v. "Wales."

[sub verbo means "under the word."]

14. Wikipedia, s.v. "Charles R. Van Hise," last modified May 9, 2013,

Personal interview

15. Richard Davidson, interview by author, Madison, WI, April 20, 2012.

Secondary source

In rare cases when the original source is not available, use a "quoted in" note to identify your second-hand source for a quotation or idea.

16. Louis Zukofsky, "Sincerity and Objectification," Poetry 37 (February 1931): 269, quoted in Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore: Imaginary Possessions (Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press, 1981), 78.


17. William Shakespeare, Othello, Milwaukee Repertory Theater, Milwaukee, 20 April 2012.


18. Che, DVD, directed by Steven Soderbergh (New York: Criterion Collection, 2008).


19. Sara M. Lindberg, "Gender-Role Identity Development During Adolescence: Individual, Familial, and Social Contextual Predictors of Gender Intensification" (Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2008), 24.


20. Morris Young, "What Is Asian American? What is Asian American Literature?" (lecture, Survey of Asian American Literature, University of Wisconsin-Madison, January 22, 2013).

[an unpublished class lecture is cited in a note, but rarely in the Bibliography or Works Cited]

Conference presentation

21. Mary Louise Roberts, "The Public Practice of History in and for a Digital Age" (paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Historical Association, New Orleans, January 3, 2013).

[an unpublished conference presentation is cited in a note, but rarely in the Bibliography or Works Cited]

Government document

22. Congressional Record, 71st Cong., 2nd sess., 1930, 72, pt. 10:10828:30.

Online source

Online source that is identical to a print source

23. Lee Palmer Wandel, "Setting the Lutheran Eucharist," Journal of Early Modern History 17 (1998): 133-34, doi: 10.1163/157006598X00135.

[The Chicago Manual recommends including a DOI (digital object identifier) or a URL to indicate that you consulted this source online. If there's a DOI, you should use that rather than a URL. If there is no DOI, use the URL, including "http://." There's no need to include an access date if the online source includes a publication or revision date.]

Online newspaper

24. Kirk Johnson, "Health Care Is Spread Thin on Alaskan Frontier," New York Times, May 28, 2013,


25. "Human Rights," The United Nations, accessed May 29, 2013, /globalissues/humanrights/, paragraph 3.

[If a website has a publication or revision date, use that instead of an accessed date. If a longer online source does NOT contain page numbers, the Chicago Manual recommends that you include a paragraph number or chapter number or section heading in your note, to help readers find the passage you're citing.]