Use this menu to learn about MLA style documentation.
- General information about MLA parenthetical citations
- Citing books, articles, and other sources parenthetically in your paper
- Abbreviating references to your sources
- Formatting quotations according to the MLA guidelines
- Creating an MLA works cited page
MLA Documentation Guide
Abbreviating references to your sources
Parenthetical citations do not include the word "page" or "pages" or the abbreviations "p." or "pp."--just the page numbers themselves.
Section or paragraph numbers instead of page numbers
If an electronic source uses paragraph or section numbers instead of page numbers, use the appropriate abbreviation (e.g., "par." as in the citation to Ross below; see the MLA Handbook, sec. 6.4, for other common abbreviations).
Common reference words, publishers' names, and literary works
Also, use abbreviations for common reference words (e.g., "bk." for "book"), publishers' names, and famous literary and religious works; again see Chapter 7 of the MLA Handbook for lists of abbreviations.
Classic prose works
For references to classic prose works, give the page number of the edition, add a semicolon, and then give other identifying information such as chapter or book number. See the MLA Handbook, sec. 6.4.8.
Classic plays and poems
In referring to classic verse plays or poems, cite divisions (canto, book, act, etc.). Use "line" or "lines" instead of "l." or "ll." for first references to line numbers; afterwards, use numbers alone. Arabic numbers are recommended.