APA Style Reference Lists


APA style requires two elements for citing outside sources: parenthetical (in-text) references, and a references list. Together, these elements allow your reader access to the sources you consulted. Use the menu at the right for examples of how to create reference-list entries for specific kinds of references.

For the system to function, all authors cited in the text must appear in the references list, and all authors listed must have been cited in the text.

Additional Information

See the Publication Manual, available for consultation at the UW-Madison Writing Center, in many libraries, and bookstores. You can also visit the APA web site, where you can purchase the Manual online.

Check the APA website (http://www.apastyle.org), where you will find links to the following:

  • “Tip of the Week” and archived tips
  • Information on bias in language
  • “Ask the Expert”–an e-mail form that allows you to ask questions about APA style
  • A form for requesting e-mail updates of APA style
  • A chapter-by-chapter description of changes made in the 6th edition